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Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located near Hingi in Wardha District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a home to a variety of wild animals. The sanctuary covers an area of 121.1 km2 (46.8 sq mi) which includes the drainage basin of the Bor Dam.
It is notable that Bor Sanctuary and some adjacent protected areas will be merged with Pench Tiger Reserve (Maharashtra) as a ‘Satellite core area’, to more than double the area of that well established tiger reserve.
Bor Sanctuary is centrally located among several other Bengal Tiger habitats including: Pench Tiger Reserve Maharashtra), 90 km2 (35 sq mi) to the northeast; Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, 125 km2 (48 sq mi) to the east northeast; UmredKarhangla Wildlife Sanctuary (Pro),75 km2 (29 sq mi) to the east southeast; Tadoba – Andhari Tiger Reserve, 85 km2 (33 sq mi) to the southeast; Melghat Tiger Reserve, 140 km2 (54 sq mi) to the west northwest and Satpura National Park and Tiger Reserve,160 km2 (62 sq mi) to the northwest.
There are three seasons; summer, winter and the rainy season.
There are some religious places in the sanctuary such as a Shiva temple at Khori-Khapa, Bruhaspati Temple at Chauki, Hanuman Temple at Khadki and GaneshTemple at Kelzar It is believed this was an important place in Mahabharata time, namely about the early Gupta period (ca. 4th century CE). Archaeological remains known as Nasargarh and Gidamgarh reveal the existence of a seat of power here in the beginning of the 1st century.
The ecozone of the area is South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests with the main species being Teak, Ain, Tendu (East Indian Ebony) and Bamboo.
The main herbs found in the sanctuary are Tarot, Tenella, Tarwar, Gokhru, Wight (bracteata), Vanbhendi, Velatri and Waghori.
As per the 2010-11 tiger estimation report, there are 24 tigers in the Pench and Bor landscape. The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) estimated the presence of 12 tigers in and around the sanctuary but the number has increased to 15, with three new cubs sighted in March 2011. A tigress with two-month-old cubs; one male and two females, was first sighted by the field staff in the sanctuary’s core zone.
The annual births of new tiger cubs shows that the Bor is a breeding ground for tigers, with cubs born here each of the past four years. In 2008, a tigress had three cubs, then one more tigress had two cubs in 2009, followed by another tigress with one cub in 2010 and three cubs in 2011.
The field director of Pench Tiger Reserve said the 2011 birthsseem to be the first litter of this tigress. “Better protection, good prey base and availability of water are three key factors why Bor is becoming a safe heaven for tigers,”
There are than 160 species of birds belonging to 46 families of 16 different orders, recorded in the sanctuary. This includes over 10 species of migratory birds and over 9 species of endangered birds.
The sanctuary is home to over 26 species of reptiles belonging 11 families, of which 6 species are endangered, namely, Indian cobra, Russel’s viper, Indian Rock python, Indian rat snake, ChequeredKeelback and Monitor lizard.