Melghat Tiger Reserve

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Habitat: Melghat Tiger Reserve is located in Central India. This establishes forest which is part of the world’s 5th biologically richest. The reserve forms an important corridor between forest areas of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra ensuring contiguity of the forests in the Satpudas.

It harbours a worthwhile population of Tigers and of the endangered Gaur. It also harbours a number of other faunal species some of which figure in the IUCN Red Data list, these are Wild dog, Jackal, Sloth bear, Leopard, Caracal, and Ratel.

Forests Types:The forests of MELGHAT TIGER PROJECT are of deciduous nature and have been categorized as “Dry Deciduous Forests”.

Soil:
There are 3 types of soil found in Melghat.
Bouldery soil:
Bouldery soil cover’s a large part of the reserve & mostly confined to slopes.

Lateritic loan:
Is on hill tops and flat terrain & is around Chikhaldara, Vairat and other parts of the reserve.

Clay soils:
Clay soil happens in depression and on level areas. These soils are very fertile & have meager drainage position.

Climate:
Climate of Melghat Tiger Reserve is unpredictable due to deviation in elevation, feature and diverse seasons, eg Rainy, Winter, Summer Seasons. The zone experiences a good rainfall during monsoon which varies from 955 to 1450 millimeters with regular number of rainy days about 65 to 60. Temperature differs significantly with height.

Melghat has a widespread selection of wildlife and is rich in Avifauna, Tiger, Panther, Wild dogs etc. are the chief carnivores.

Jackal & Hyena are the scroungers and live on the remains left over by top predators. The prey animals are Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, Spotted deer, Nilgai and Wild pigs, Chausinga etc. The optical data about habitat availability and their assessment specifies that the major tract of the plain area is still a good habitat for major Mammalian and Avian population .

Melghat Tiger Reserve has an unchanged area of 1673.93 Sqm. The reserve sustains a population of 75 to 100 tigress and has very low probability of extinction 5% – less that 5% in 100 years). All these features of Melghat Tiger Reserve and its large area make it an ideal habitat for star species Tiger and its prey types.

FLORA:
The entire area of the Melghat Tiger Reserve is under the cover of forest. Natural grassy openings are almost absent. Tectona grandis (teak) is the most governing kind.

FAUNA:
A volume has been issued on the FAUNAL DIVERSITY OF TIGER RESERVES IN INDIA by Zoological Survey of India Kolkata,  and Project Tiger Directorate New Delhi in the year 2006. The report indicates the preservation of Project Tiger,  which has ensued in the Conservation of other life forms while saving the leading species the tiger.

Locations of Herbivores in Melghat Tiger Reserve:
Melghat has variety of herbivores. It is the home of Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, and 4 horned antelope, which are disseminated all over the reserve. Sambhars are found in good amounts. Scores of Cheetals are found around, Dhakna, Dhargad, Bori, Chikhali, Kolkaz. Neelgai is found in Zunjeruaam, Bori, Dolar, Dhakna, Rangubeli,  etc.

Location of Carnivores in Melghat Tiger Reserve:
Tigers and panthers are spread all through the Sanctuary. The favorable tiger zones are Kuwapati, Adhao-Dakna, Raksha, Mata Kol, Mandikua, Dolaram, Rabangnala to Keli, Semadoh – Raipur, etc. Panthers are found in reasonable numbers predominantly around Marita, Jarida, Khatkali Rangubeli. Wild dogs come about in fair numbers chiefly around Chunkhadi, Raipur, Koha,Koktoo, Gobiya etc. Hunters like striped Hyena and Jackals are also witnessed in reasonable numbers.

Sloth Bears are plentiful and extensive. Other noticeable Sloth bear ranges are Bairat, Makhala, Hatru, Khamdakheda, Koha, Dhakna, Koktoo are.

Chikhaldara: Located at a distance of 35 kms from Paratwada, the nearby tourist spots are Panchbol, Bhimkund, Haricane, Devi point and Gavilgarh Fort.

Vairat Point: Located at a distance of 10 km form Chikhaldara, Vairat Point is also called as Sunset Point. It is highest point in Melghat Tiger Reserve and is around 1140 meters above Sea level.

Narnala Fort: Its near Akot around (20 kms) and is part of Narnala wildlife sanctuary of Melghat Tiger Reserve. It the gateway of Melghat from the Southern Side.  Situated at about 1000 mtrs above Sea Level. It was built in 1426 A.D. by Ahmed Shah. It covers 391 Acres wall with a perimeter of 36 Km. It has 22 gates and 360 Buruj Towers. The Rain water harvesting and drainage system is worth admiring. It has 22 large tanks connected with smaller tanks in such a way that the water which overflows from the tank is situated at higher elevation goes to tanks at lower elevation Ensures that no rain water is wasted. At present there are six tanks that have a considerable amont of water all through the year. The famous “Dog Temple” and Sakkhar Talav are the places where the people offer prayers.

Kolkaz: Located on Paratwada – Dharni highway s 18 km from Semadoh on the banks of Sipna River. Famous for its natural beauty of forest areas,  Ranidoh & Diadoh are some of the  famous tourist sport near to kolkaz.

Sankhala Point: Near to Makhala -10 Km  from Semadoh. The scenic view of the landscape and forest is breathtakingly beautiful.

melghat tiger reserve, Maharashtra

Important Aspects from Tourism Point of View:
Nature and wildlife Interpretation Centre Semadoh: The Nature Interpretation complex at Semadoh acts as a pivot of the tiger reserve and supplies to both country as well as cosmopolitan societies. This complex witnesses intricate and comprehensive nature interpretive themes surrounding various facets.

Tourist Area: At present there are 2 tourist areas:
Semadoh Tourism Complex: It is located at Paratwada – Dharni highway. Its 50 kms from Paratwada & 50 kms form Dharni& is situated on the banks of Sipna River.